星期四, 8月 17, 2017

[X.Form] MVVM 簡易練習

根據這教學 Xamrin Forms with Visual Studio Part 13 的練習,內容為使用者在 Entry 內輸入資料後,點選 Buuton 來顯示輸入資料,重點在於
  • INotifyPropertyChanged
public interface INotifyPropertyChanged
{
    event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;
}
  • ICommand
public interface ICommand
{
    void Execute(object arg);
    bool CanExecute(object arg)
    event EventHandler CanExecuteChanged; 
} 
Model
namespace MVVMPractice
{
    public class XF4_CommandModel
    {
        public string DemoData { get; set; }
    }
}
ViewModel
// ICommand Interface 在該 namespace
using System.Windows.Input;
// Command 在該 namepspace
using Xamarin.Forms;
// INotifyPropertyChanged 在該 namespace
using System.ComponentModel;

namespace MVVMPractice
{
    public class XF4_CommandViewModel : INotifyPropertyChanged
    {
        private XF4_CommandModel _model = new XF4_CommandModel();

        public string DemoData
        {
            get { return _model.DemoData; }
            set { _model.DemoData = value; }
        }

        public string _result;
        public string Result
        {
            get { return _result; }
            set
            {
                _result = value;
                // 要有 OnPropertyChanged lblResult 才會顯示資料喔
                OnPropertyChanged(nameof(Result));
            }
        }

        public ICommand CmdSave
        {
            get
            {
                return new Command(() =>
                {
                    Result = $"使用者輸入資料為:{_model.DemoData}";
                });
            }
        }

        public event PropertyChangedEventHandler PropertyChanged;

        public void OnPropertyChanged(string PropertyName)
        {
            PropertyChanged?.Invoke(this, new PropertyChangedEventArgs(PropertyName));
        }
    }
}
Xaml
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8" ?>
<ContentPage xmlns="http://xamarin.com/schemas/2014/forms"
             xmlns:x="http://schemas.microsoft.com/winfx/2009/xaml"
             xmlns:local="clr-namespace:MVVMPractice"
             x:Class="MVVMPractice.XF4_Command">
    <ContentPage.Content>
        <StackLayout VerticalOptions="Center">
            <!--Entry.Mode 預設就是為 TwoWay-->
            <Entry Placeholder="請輸入資料" Text="{Binding DemoData}"/>
            <Button Command="{Binding CmdSave}" Text="顯示輸入資料"/>
            <Label x:Name="lblResult" Text="{Binding Result}" FontSize="Large"/>
        </StackLayout>
    </ContentPage.Content>
</ContentPage>
執行結果

[X.Form] MVVM 簡易練習

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